Reproductive and sexual health are paramount to women’s quality of life. These are taken care of under a medical specialty known as gynecology.
Gynecology focuses on diagnosing and treating or managing reproductive and sexual health disorders. Gynecologists also prevent these problems through regular checkups and patient education.
The broad profession of gynecology has several specializations. If you would be interested in working at a gynecological clinic Montreal, here are some specializations you should know about.
Obstetrician/gynecologists are commonly known as OB/GYNs. OB/GYNs specialize in pregnancy management and prenatal care.
This is aside from diagnosing reproductive disorders in women. These specialists also provide preventative health services. These include early detection of sexually transmitted diseases and conducting Pap screening to detect abnormalities that might give way to cancer.
The career path for these specialists’ sees students study obstetrics and gynecology simultaneously. A medical degree is followed by four years of residency.
Gynecologist oncologists are physicians that specialize in diagnosing and treating cancers located in women’s reproductive systems.
To get here, these professionals have to get through obstetrician/gynecologist training before pursuing a gynecology/oncology fellowship.
Residency typically takes four years, while fellowship takes an additional three to four years. The latter include training in surgery, chemotherapy, research, and radiation. This training is geared towards finding the best approaches to treating reproductive organ cancers.
Physicians who complete this training are then allowed to take OB/GYN board exams and the gynecologic oncology exam.
To become a urogynecologist, one has to graduate from medical school and undertake four years of residency in OG/GYN.
After this, they undertake additional surgical training to gain expertise in evaluating, diagnosing, and treating pelvic floor disorders.
The pelvic floor is a complex system made up of ligaments, muscles, connective tissues, and nerves. Collectively, these support the bladder, vagina, rectum, and uterus.
The pelvic floor can become damaged due to heavy lifting, chronic disease, or childbirth.
After diagnosis, urogynecologists treat pelvic floor disease with both surgical and non-surgical means.
4. Reproductive Endocrinologist
Reproductive endocrinologists are the doctors women see if they are having trouble getting pregnant, have recurrent miscarriages, or pregnancy loss.
Reproductive endocrinologists, abbreviated as RE or REIs, are essentially doctors with specialized training to help people get and remain pregnant and bring forth life.
Some of the conditions REs can diagnose include endometriosis, PCOS, and anovulation in women. They can also look into male factor infertility.
REs use assisted reproductive technologies (ARTs), IVF, IUI, egg freezing, and donor egg IVF to help these diagnoses. They also help people with genetic disorders, and people of the LGBQ community have healthy babies.
Pregnancy matters aside, REs also attend to women going through menopause and menstrual problems as well.
If you or a loved one has a reproductive health issue, it’s good to know that different specialists can intervene and possibly provide a treatment plan.